The new Time Frames feature allows us to tag goals and initiatives with specific timeframes. These timeframes are user-defined rather than system-defined, but the examples are fairly common and are shown to work across several temporal scopes: quarterly (3Q2016), bi-annual (2H2016) or annual (2016).
There is also nice filtering functionality that allows you to filter based on these timeframes. However the Time Frame field doesn't really understand about time and thus can't infer that (for example) 3Q2016 is "part of" 2016. As a result, if you filter on 2016, you will not see items tagged with 3Q2016.
The enhancement would be to pre-define some basic Time Frame types and make sure their hierarchical relationship is either known or can be defined, so that the above filtering would do the right thing: filtering on 2016 should show goals and initiatives tagged with 2016, 1H2016, 2H2016, 1Q2016, 2Q2016, 3Q2016 or 4Q2016. For non-standard time frames, organizing them into a hierarchy should enable the same capability.
See comment at the bottom of http://blog.aha.io/index.php/time-based-goals-initiatives